Quick Answer: Do More Chinese Speak Cantonese Or Mandarin?

Is Mandarin or Cantonese more common in the US?

Cantonese, a dialect from southern China that has dominated the Chinatowns of North America for decades, is being rapidly swept aside by Mandarin, the national language of China and the lingua franca of most of the latest Chinese immigrants..

Is Mandarin hard to learn?

Mandarin Chinese Interestingly, the hardest language to learn is also the most widely spoken native language in the world. Mandarin Chinese is challenging for a number of reasons. First and foremost, the writing system is extremely difficult for English speakers (and anyone else) accustomed to the Latin alphabet.

Is China trying to get rid of Cantonese?

China Is Forcing Its Biggest Cantonese-Speaking Region To Speak Mandarin. … But according to a ministry of education statement last year, 30 percent of Chinese — 400 million people — still cannot speak Mandarin.

Is Cantonese a dialect of Chinese?

By the comprehensibility criterion, Cantonese is not a dialect of Chinese. Rather, it is a language, as are Shanghaiese, Mandarin and other kinds of Chinese. … Most Western linguists classify them as “Sinitic languages”, not “dialects of Chinese”. (And some languages in China, like Uighur, are not Sinitic at all.)

What is more widely spoken Cantonese or Mandarin?

Cantonese is one of these languages. Cantonese is spoken in Guangdong and Guangxi provinces, Hainan Island, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, Malaysia, and many overseas Chinese communities. Worldwide, there are about 66 million Cantonese speakers. … Of all languages, Mandarin is the most widely-spoken.

Can mandarin speakers understand Cantonese?

Although Cantonese and Mandarin have many similarities, they are not mutually intelligible. This means that, presuming one has no significant exposure or training, a speaker of Mandarin will understand little to nothing of Cantonese and vice-versa.

Should I learn Cantonese or Mandarin first?

I always recommend learning Cantonese or learning Cantonese first then Mandarin. Cantonese has a longer history than Mandarin does and the Chinese cultural context it carries is richer than Mandarin.

What is the hardest Chinese dialect to learn?

ShanxiMin Nan is spoken in southern Fujian as well as Taiwan, and is considered the most complicated of the seven biggest Chinese dialects. Shanxi is one of the origins of ancient Chinese culture. The Shanxi dialect is difficult to understand because of its diversity.

Is Cantonese older than Mandarin?

But generally speaking, Cantonese was evolved from Old Chinese while Mandarin from Middle Chinese. In other words, Cantonese saw its development earlier before Mandarin. … Yes, modern Cantonese is more similar to older forms of spoken Chinese than Mandarin is.

Is Mandarin or Cantonese harder?

Cantonese is somewhat more difficult to learn, as it has from 6 to 9 tones, each of which signify different things. Mandarin only has 4 tones. In addition, because of its greater prevalence, it is easier to find Mandarin materials than Cantonese materials to study with.)

What percentage of Chinese speak Cantonese?

Mandarin dialects are spoken by 71.5 percent of the population, followed by Wu (8.5 percent), Yue (also called Cantonese; 5 percent), Xiang (4.8 percent), Min (4.1 percent), Hakka (3.7 percent) and Gan (2.4 percent).

What is the most complex language?

Without further ado, these are our top ten hardest (but most rewarding) languages to learn.Mandarin. Mandarin is a language within the Chinese language group and is actually the most spoken language in the world. … Arabic. … 3. Japanese. … Hungarian. … Korean. … Finnish. … Basque. … Navajo.More items…•

What is the oldest Chinese dialect?

Written Chinese The original Chinese writing system of the Shang dynasty is currently in use, making it one of the oldest continually-used languages in history.

Who speaks Cantonese vs Mandarin?

It is spoken in many of the largest cities in China, including Beijing and Shanghai. Mandarin is spoken widely in Singapore and Taiwan. Cantonese, however, is spoken largely in Hong Kong, as well as in Macau and the Guangdong province, including Guangzhou.

Is Cantonese dying?

It depends. Cantonese will not die out for the foreseeable future as some alarmists seem to purport, but the Cantonese speaking population may experience a decrease given the greater prominence of Mandarin in China and a decrease in the overseas Cantonese diaspora.

How do you say hello in Cantonese?

哈囉 is “hello” with a Cantonese pronunciation. We use it to greet people casually, just like you would use “hi” in English. If someone says 哈囉, you can reply by repeating 哈囉. Even though 哈囉 and 你好 are essentially the same, it’s possible to use them together.

Can Hong Kongers speak Mandarin?

In 1996 it was reported that 65,892 residents in Hong Kong spoke Mandarin as their first language; 20 years later, in 2016, that number has risen to 131,406 residents: a 99.4 percent increase.

What is I love you in Cantonese?

I love you in Cantonese is 我愛你[ngo5 oi3 nei5].

What is Cantonese in Chinese?

Cantonese is the local dialect of the southeast corner of China. It’s spoken in Guangdong Province (capital Guangzhou, previously known as Canton, hence “Cantonese”) as well as in southern Guangxi Province to the west, and is also Hong Kong’s main language, as well as Macau’s.

What Ni hao ma means?

How are youMeaning of the Chinese “Ni Hao Ma?” In Chinese, “Ni Hao Ma?” is written 你好吗? It means “How are you?” But, be careful, it might not be the “How are you” you think!

How do you reply to Ni hao ma?

我很好! 你好吗? ( Wǒ hěn hǎo! Nǐ hǎo ma? ) I am very good. How are you ? – this should be answered when you are really very good and no issues at all.我行好! 谢谢。 (Wǒ xíng hǎo! Xièxiè.) I am good. Thank you – This should be used when no concerns. Its a neutral situation.我还好 ( Wǒ hái hǎo )