What Are The Prevention Of Mental Retardation?

Can intellectual disability be prevented?

Genetic causes of intellectual disability cannot be considered preventable.

Lastly, certain psychiatric conditions are associated with intellectual disabilities.

The most common disorder is called autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Like genetic abnormalities, there is no known way to predict or prevent ASD..

What are the classification of mental retardation?

Mental retardation comprises five general categories: borderline, mild, moderate, severe and profound.

What is the leading cause of mental retardation?

Fetal alcohol syndrome is now leading cause of mental retardation.

What are the problems of mental retardation?

Though the mentally retarded often have poor muscular coordination, speech and hearing problems, poor vision, difficulty in perception, extreme lethargy or hyperactivity, each of these conditions can be present without mental retardation.

What is borderline mental retardation?

Borderline intellectual functioning, also called borderline mental retardation (in the ICD-8), is a categorization of intelligence wherein a person has below average cognitive ability (generally an IQ of 70–85), but the deficit is not as severe as intellectual disability (below 70).

How can we prevent mental retardation?

7 Tips to Prevent Mental RetardationFind Out About Down Syndrome. … Promptly Treat Phenylketonuria (PKU) … Abstain From Alcohol During Pregnancy. … Help Your Kid Avoid Lead Poisoning. … Stay Healthy During Pregnancy. … Report Child Abuse and Neglect.

How do I know if my child has an intellectual disability?

How Do I Know If My Child Has an Intellectual Disability?Sit up, crawl, or walk later than other children.Learn to talk later or have trouble speaking.Have trouble understanding social rules.Have trouble seeing the consequences of their actions.Have trouble solving problems.Have trouble thinking logically.

What are the 4 levels of mental retardation?

The condition is further divided into four levels of retardation based on IQ, which include mild mental retardation (IQ between 50-55 and 70), moderate mental retardation (IQ between 35-40 and 50-55), severe mental retardation (IQ between 20-25 and 35-40), and profound mental retardation (IQ below 20 or 25) (American …

What is mental retardation called now?

Intellectual disability (ID), once called mental retardation, is characterized by below-average intelligence or mental ability and a lack of skills necessary for day-to-day living.

What age is mental retardation?

When is the diagnosis made? The onset of mental retardation is in childhood, before 18 years of age. The diagnosis is generally made after infancy, between the preschool and school-age periods. Sometimes the diagnosis may be made later, at the time when a thorough assessment is performed.

What is retardation short answer?

Retardation is the act or result of delaying; the extent to which anything is retarded or delayed; that which retards or delays.

Can mental retardation be reversed?

“The same mutation in animals produces learning disorders, which we were able to eliminate in adult mice. Our work and other recent studies suggest that some forms of mental retardation can be reversed, even in the adult brain.”

How do you identify an intellectual disability?

Intellectual functioning, or IQ, is usually measured by a test called an IQ test. The average score is 100. People scoring below 70 to 75 are thought to have an intellectual disability. To measure adaptive behavior, professionals look at what a child can do in comparison to other children of his or her age.

What is mental retardation State two causes of mental retardation?

There are various known causes of mental retardation, including genetic disorders, maternal infections, psychosocial conditions, drug exposure, and environmental chemical exposure. The established risk factors for MR include: [3] Various genetic disorders (e.g. Down’s Syndrome, phenylketonuria)

What is mental retardation?

Mental retardation (MR) refers to substantial limitations in present functioning. It starts before age 18 and is characterized by significantly subaverage intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with related limitations in two or more of the following applicable adaptive skill areas: communication.